What are the causes, symptoms and treatment if the following conditions occure:Chronic Cystitis, Interstitial Cystitis,Non infectious hemorrhagic cystitis?

Expert Answers
M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I found this information on WebMD, but please remember that, if you are suffering any of these conditions,the best reference will come straight from your primary care provider.

IC: Is an inflammation of your bladder. It is also known as PBS or Painful Bladder Syndrome. The symptoms include consistent need to urinate, pain while urination, intercourse, and overal incontinence at nights.  There is no cure for it, but there are plenty of treatment options that are very similar to those with all kinds of bladder infections. The reason why there is no cure is because it is not bacterial, so antiibiotics cannot be used.

Chronic Cystitis is a recurrent pelvic infection that occurs at least twice a year. This condition is caused by a bacteria (E Coli). You are prone to it if you have a family history, a pelvis that is malformed or shaped in a specific way,  diabetes, multiple partners, spermicides.  The symptoms are foul discharge, foul smelling urine, pain, bleeding in between periods. The cure is through antibiotics.

Emedicine at medscape defines Noninfectious hemorragic cystitis as a condition of minor tumors and lesions that occur in the pelvic area and it is caused by exposure to certain external agents often associated with surgery and chemotherapy.  As a result of these tumors or lesions, the pelvic area becomes weak and pain and bleeding occur. The cure for this one would be cytoscopy, or surgery

mkcapen1 | Student

Cystitis is the condition of an inflamed bladder, urinary system.  IN persons having chronic cystitis the condition continues and does not go away. It is more common in women than men.  Children can also develop this medical problem.  The normal treatment for cystitis is to give a patient antibiotics and phenazopyridine or flavoxate to relieve symptoms resulting in pain.

Some people continue to have persistent problems.  There is a surgical option to try and help them.  The surgery involves removal of any obstructions or structural abnormalities.  Alternative treatment includes a change in diet by removing all sugars from one’s diet, increasing water intake, and drinking cranberry juice daily.

Interstitial cystitis is recurring discomfort or pain in the bladder and the pelvic region.  Symptoms may include the painful need to urinate and little or no flow of urine projecting, pain in the lower back or pelvic region, and discomfort or pain when urinating.  The person’s bladder wall may become agitated and become scarred or rigid.  Sometimes pin point bleeding occurs along the bladder wall.  Scientists at present have not found a cure for reoccurring and persistent interstitial cystitis.  At present most treatment evolves around relief from the discomfort and pain.

Hemorrhagic cystitis is an infectious or noninfectious condition that leads to gross hematuria, blood in the urine, which originates in a persons urinary bladder.  In person’s diagnosed with noninfectious noninfectious hemorrhagic cystitis most people who develop the condition have gone through previous pelvic radiation and/or chemotherapy.   Some patients develop bleeding in the bladder wall. Medical treatment may include medications to relieve the discomfort or surgical reparing.