In "The Old Man and the Sea," what are the causes of Santiago's struggle in proving his existence?

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mwestwood eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Santiago of "The Old Man and the Sea," is an aging Cuban fisherman now reduced to poverty as he lives alone.  He has lost his fisherman's "luck," having gone eighty-four days without catching a fish.  The boy who loves him has even gone to work on another boat.  Nevertheless, Santiago is positi and remains hopeful each day when he takes his skiff into the Gulf Stream in search of marlin.

kavach | Student

Well there can be many causes to prove his existence, but one of the inner reasons that he wants to prove himself is that, rather than explaining to the whole world about his potentials he wants to prove to himself that he can surely catch the biggest fish..somewhere in his unconscious mind he wants to satisfy his DI MAGGIO image(his ideal player) that he too can  go against the current and win his victory...but in this process he only acquires the moral victory(only a piece of sklleton) but in material terms he is left empty handed.But anyway he proves his exixtence by atleast getting the skleton.

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The Old Man and the Sea

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