What causes the gout?  What are some signs of this disease and what part of the body does the gout affect?

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dano7744's profile pic

dano7744 | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator

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Gout or gouty arthritis is the accumulation of uric acidcrystals in your blood and interstitial spaces. It comes from a problem digesting proteins. Gout affects joints(articulations), the joints become inflammed and swollen which causes pain, decreased range of motion(ROM), and disability. Most commonly gout affects the joints of the hand, fingers, wrist, and feet. Some relief may come from dietary changes but often people have to take medication daily to alleviate the symptoms and pain. A common gout medication is called colchicine. It helps by acting on the muscles in the affected area.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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As someone who has gout and must take medicine for it every day, I can answer this...

Gout is caused where there is too much uric acid in your blood.  The uric acid crystalizes and the crystals get stuck in your joints and it really hurts.  There can be too much uric acid in your blood because of heredity and/or because you eat too much of the wrong foods or drink too much alcohol.

The signs of the disease are unexplained and quite severe swelling and pain in the joint that is affected.  The most common joints to be affect are toes and knees.

krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

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Gout is a disease that can occur in any of the moving bone joints in the body, but it is more common in the feet. It can produce severe swelling of the affected joints.  It is caused by production of too much uric acid in which gets accumulated in the blood. Then the uric acid in form of crystals gets deposited in tissues around the joints.  These deposits cause sudden attacks of swelling, most commonly in the feet. People affected with gout generally have a hereditary tendency for the same.

Gout is a chronic disease that cannot be cured. It can only be controlled by proper treatment. Such treatment consists of limiting the amount of protein in the diet, and taking drugs to either slow the formation of uric acid or to hasten its elimination.  Anti-inflammatory and pain reliving drugs are used drugs are used to relieve pain during acute attacks.

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