What are the causes and the effects of the American Revolutionary War and the Civil War using social, political and economic factors?

Expert Answers
mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War had causes and effects that were related to economic, political, and social factors.

The following were causes and effects of the Revolutionary War.

  • An economic cause of this war dealt with the British wanting the colonists to assume some of the costs of running the colonies. The British felt that since the colonists benefited from some of the actions of the British, such as being protected by them, they should share in the cost of these benefits. This led to the passage of unpopular tax laws such as the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts. After the Revolutionary War, the colonists were no longer subjected to British taxes and to British economic policies.
  • A political cause of the war focused on the feeling the colonists had that the British were violating their rights. They believed the tax laws were illegal because the colonists didn’t have representatives in Parliament to talk about and to vote on these proposed tax laws. After the war, the colonists elected representatives who would make the laws for them.
  • A social cause of the war referenced the belief that the British weren’t respecting the colonists and treating them well. The Boston Massacre and the Intolerable Acts were examples of this poor treatment. After the war, the colonists were no longer dependent on the British for the things they wanted to do.

 The following were causes and effects of the Civil War.

  • An economic cause of the Civil War focused on the different economic needs of the North and of the South. The North was primarily industrial. They favored protective tariffs and supported internal improvement projects. The South was mainly agricultural. They were against protective tariffs and against internal improvement projects, especially if these projects raised taxes. As a result of the Civil War, the South diversified its economy. Agriculture was still very important, and more industries developed. Our transportation system also expanded throughout the country. The North continued to have many industries.
  • A political cause of the Civil War focused on slavery and the spread of it. President Lincoln was against slavery. However, he would have allowed slavery to remain where it was if that would have kept the country together. However, he didn’t want it to spread. The South believed President Lincoln was going to end slavery. This is part of the reason why the southern states seceded from the Union. As a result of the Civil War, slavery ended with the passage of the 13th amendment.
  • A social cause of the Civil War focused on keeping the whites in power and in control of society, especially in the South. Many southerners couldn’t image a society where blacks and whites were equal. As a result of the Civil War, there was more equality between the races, at least for a period of time while Reconstruction was occurring.

Both wars had various factors that led to the beginning of the fighting.