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What are the causes of cultural change?

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There are a few major players when it comes to cultural change. The most impactful catalysts of change come from interaction with other cultures. Indeed, societies that remain isolated tend to experience very few changes. However, cross-cultural interactions almost always lead to cultures adopting elements from each other. For example, people who live near international borders are more likely to speak multiple languages and share cultural practices with their neighbors across the border. Similar cultural exchanges are found in port cities and in populations with large numbers of immigrants.

This brings us to another cause of cultural change: migration has a large impact on the cultural practices of a society. If a people are uprooted and move elsewhere, not only might they adopt some of the cultural practices of their new surroundings, they will also likely adapt their own to suit their new climate, economy, and circumstances. For instance, during the California Gold Rush in the...

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