What caused the conflict between the Cherokee and the U.S government? What were relations like between the Cherokee and the U.S government?
What happened at the end of the trail of tears? What did the cherokee people do at the end of the trail of tears?
The Cherokee Nation and its citizens had special status within the US. They were one of the so called "civilized tribes" in that they spoke English, were mainly farmers and Christians, so they had, in other words, assimilated into US culture. But their nation was also a little independent, and the border and authority over that territory was confusing. Runaway slaves often hid on Cherokee lands, which irked slave owners, and the land they had was substantial in area, with good quality soil for farming.
Andrew Jackson was anti-Native to begin with, and made his reputation in 1819 as an Indian fighter while on a killing mission against the Seminole in Florida. So he felt no personal qualms about the Trail of Tears.
By killing off the young and the elders on the forced march to Oklahoma, the government assumed the Cherokee would die out. Instead, they thrived, developed their own written language, started a newspaper, and rebuilt their lives on the Oklahoma frontier.