What caused Chiang to turn on Mao?

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I am assuming that you’re referring to Chiang Kai Shek, who was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party.  Chiang Kai Shek never really turned on Mao because they were never on the same side - Chiang was a Nationalist and Mao was a Communist, and they led opposing forces...

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I am assuming that you’re referring to Chiang Kai Shek, who was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party.  Chiang Kai Shek never really turned on Mao because they were never on the same side - Chiang was a Nationalist and Mao was a Communist, and they led opposing forces during China's 1946 Civil War. 

In 1925 Chiang expelled all Communists from the party and led a successful unification of China.  The Chinese Nationalist Government wanted to eliminate Communism in China.  After the Allies declared war on Japan in 1941 (World War 2), the Chinese Nationalist government joined forces with them to fight against Japan, an old enemy of China. But in 1946 civil war broke out in China between the Nationalist government and the Communists (led by Mao).  The Communists won the war and China became The People’s Republic of China. Chiang was placed in exile in Taiwan, where he continued to lead the Chinese Nationalist government.

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