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A major cause of the Industrial revolution was the agricultural revolution which preceded it. The agricultural revolution was part of the Columbian Exchange, when new crops such as maize (corn) and potatoes were exported to England. These new crops led to increased health and less infant mortality resulting in a population explosion in England. Also, the basic price of food went down and a much smaller percentage of a family's income was needed to purchase food; which left more money for clothes, etc. More people with less expense for food created a demand for manufactured products which had not existed before, and gave rise to industrialization; first in the textile industry. It should be noted that England was ripe for Industrialization not only because of its population but also because of its stable government, its abundance of navigable waters which could be used not only for transportation but also in the production of steam; and also a large amount of iron ore deposits near the surface which were easily accessible. So when the Industrial Revolution began in England, it found itself on very fertile soil.
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