Diabetes mellitus is a chronic, debilitating illness that affects every body system. Care of the diabetic patient can be acute in nature where stabilization of the blood glucose level is the first priority. Depending on what the blood sugar level is will dictate the type of immediate care needed. If the blood sugar is too low steps are taken to increase it quickly. Conversely, if the blood sugar level is too high then steps would be needed to lower the level. If the question is aimed at care of the chronic DM patient then many, many areas should be addressed such as nutrition, exercise, regular physician followup, and patient education. DM is a very serious yet manageable malady. It is responsible for disabilities of all types but can readily be managed with the proper medical supervision.
The American Diabetes Association has a wealth of valuable information for those who have diabetes. I have listed the link below.
According the the American Diabetes Association, the best thing to do is stay one step ahead of the diabetes. This can be done by monitoring blood glucose levels frequently. In addition, medications should be taken exactly as prescribed. Knowing what foods are good to eat and what foods should be avoided is also very important. Many people with diabetes keep a food journal.
People with diabetes often have poor circulation so this is very important to keep in mind. People with diabetes have a higher risk of heart disease and stroke. Because of poor circulation, wounds also may not heal as quickly and need to be monitored. Amputations are more common in diabetics.
1. Accurate and regular monitoring of blood sugar level is the cornerstone of medical care of a patient suffering from diabetes.
2. Regular intake of the correct dosage of the prescribed medication. This will depend on the type of diabetes, whether it is type I or type II and the result of the blood tests for the blood sugar levels.
3. A well balanced diet which ensures the proper nutrition for the patient suffering from diabetes. He/she will have to completely abstain from eating anything sugary and sweet; instead he/she will have to take a diet high in fiber and low in carbohydrates.
4. Moderate exercise like walking a kilometer or two is also necessary.