In “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, there are two distinct worlds: The woods and the court. The former stands for reason and order whereas the later epitomizes fantasy, madness, disorder or even chaos. In addition, the forest is a place where the unthinkable can happen. Consequently, by crossing the threshold between the court and the woods, the young Athenians become vulnerable to this world of fantasy. In order to understand the madness going on in the wood we may look at Bottom’s words:
“I have had a dream past the wit of man to say what dream it was”. “The eye of man hath nor heard, the ear of man hath not seen, man’s hands not able to taste tongue to conceive, nor his heart what my dream was.”
Here we have a figure of style called Synaesthesia, in which sensations get mixed up. In this case, we have an eye that hears or an ear that sees.
Like Bottom, the young Athenians undergo transformations because of the love potion. For example, in the beginning two men, Demetrius and Lysander are in love with the same woman, Hermia. Later, under the effect of the love potion, both men will fall in love with another woman, Helena.
Conclusively, the woods inhabited by fairies serve to contrast with the well-organized Athenian court. The transformations in the woods also serve to highlight the condition of being love.