Like the federal government, state governments are divided into three branches of government. The executive branch, headed by the Governor, carries out the laws. The judicial branch, which is the court system, interprets the meaning of the laws, and legislative branch makes the laws.
The job of the legislative branch is to develop bills that, if passed by the legislative branch and signed by the Governor, will become laws. The legislative branch will introduce ideas that will then be assigned to committees. These committees will examine the ideas, and they should hold public hearings so the public can give their input to the proposed idea. If the idea comes out of committee, the legislative branch will vote upon it.
The legislative branch makes laws that apply within the state. They will determine laws that deal with trade within a state. They will develop laws that determine the punishment for crimes committed within a state. They will also develop policies dealing with education within a state. The legislature may also override a veto if the Governor vetoes a law.
The state legislature has an important role within state government.