Are you asking for explanation of the cultural consequences and ramifications of a specific event? Are you examining, in general terms, how society is changed by events taking place within the society as a whole? There are lots of ways to interpret your question.
Society is impacted in many ways by events within the society itself and by events outside of a given culture. Consider:
Hurricane Katrina created huge consequences for the culture of New Orleans and the area of southern Louisiana and Mississippi. Large numbers of residents were forced to move away from the area and many may never be able to return. The culture of that area is changing as new construction is being planned, new businesses are developed, and different lifestyles emerge. At the same time, transplanted residents are bringing different styles of cooking (for example) to other parts of the country.
The space exploration program begun in the United States in the 1960's led to the invention and/or popularization of numerous materials and adaptations originally meant to support life in space but then adopted for earthbound use. The instant orange mix drink Tang became widely known after it was adopted by NASA for use on Gemini missions and succeeding space flights.