In the explanation of those passages I have to include the following:
A thesis that uses active verbs to explain the role the selected passage plays in the text; Body paragraphs that examine the text word by word or line by line and link that examination to the broader themes and cultural issues raised by the text; Analysis of the passage that explores language (figures of speech, word choice, etc.), imagery, symbolism, character, point or view and other literary concepts and techniques and explains how these techniques and words develop the themes or cultural issues explored in the text
That's a lot for one question, so here are some thoughts to get you started:
Paragraph 2 is about the children coming into the town square to be ready for the lottery drawing. Just recently released from school, they still feel the oppression of school rules and policies hanging over them; their conversations center around school-related topics and they remain quiet at first before getting rowdy. When the children begin to gather the stones, it is foreshadowing of the gruesome scene to come. The story says, "Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones." This is just another reminder of the way that this town blindly follows examples of others, without questioning the intelligence of that example. Their hoarding of a big pile of stones seems like a game, but of course it speaks to their enthusiasm for a disgusting act of violence (we just won't know that until the end of the story when we see what the stones are used for).
Paragraph 3 describes the entrance of the adults onto the scene. They make small-talk with one another, as if it were just another day; but small differences in their mannerisms show the significance of this particular day. For example, the story says, "They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed." They don't want to go too close to the stones, because they prefer not to think about the end result of today's activity. They make jokes in an effort to retain normalcy, but they cannot bring themselves to laugh out loud or to experience too much joy on this particular day. Though the children still behave as if the day were a game, the adults maintain a somber attitude throughout: "Bobby Martin ducked under his mother's grasping hand and ran, laughing, back to the pile of stones. His father spoke up sharply, and Bobby came quickly and took his place between his father and his oldest brother." Families stick together, knowing that it might be the last time for any of them to be together as a whole.
i have to write a critical essay for 'The Lottery' as part of our 'Short stories with a twist' block in english. I know some of what i say will not matter to you but this is just what i wrote and you can see if it helps you!
Each paragraph must contain...
#a topic sentence - a sentence to start your paragraph that roughly sums up what you are going to be talking about.
#a quotation-words from the text that give examples of what you are talking about
# you must explain the quotation- go into detail about the quotation that shows what you thought about it.
# the answer to the question if there is one (did you think 'The Lottery' had an unexpected twist? for example)
heres one of my paragraphs that shows an argument for having an unexpected twist...
Another Argument for the readers that did predict the ending is that everyone was collecting stones, but they had to be smooth, round stones, but why? “Bobby Martin, Harry Jones, and Dickie Delacroix eventually made a great pile of stones in one of the corners of the square, protecting it from the raids of other boys.” “The children had stones already and someone gave little Davy Hutchinson a few pebbles." Everyone had chosen small,smooth stones because they were easier to throw; they were going to throw stones at the person who had the black spot on their paper -the winner of the lottery- they were going to stone them to death. I personally think that Tessie Hutchinson, the 'winner' of the lottery ha dsecretly looked at her piece of paper as she said that it wasnt fair and they wern't giving people enough time to draw and that they should start again. She clearly knew that she had the paper with the black spot, and that she was going to be sacraficed for good crops.
^^^ thats my paragraph--an argument to say that it did have an expected ending...
i know it doesnt really answer your question but i hope it helps you a bit and gives you some clues!