What is the Brunswick Manifesto? I know that the Brunswick Manifesto was supposed to protect the royal family and threaten the people of France, and that it ended up causing many wars when it was...
What is the Brunswick Manifesto?
I know that the Brunswick Manifesto was supposed to protect the royal family and threaten the people of France, and that it ended up causing many wars when it was supposed to make the people submit, but what else did it do? And what were the other reasons for it besides protecting the royal family? Thanks!
The Brunswick Manifesto was a declaration made by Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, then, serving as the commander of the Allied Army. The proclamation was made on July 25th, 1792. The proclamation was to serve as a warning to the French revolutionaries and the general population of France that harm would come to them if they carried on with the rebellion. The rebellion was against the monarchy and sought to wrest power from the King. The Allied Army promised to fight on the side of the monarchy to suppress the revolutionaries and any other person who supported their quest.
Apart from threatening the French revolutionaries and promising to protect the royal family, the Brunswick Manifesto sought to prevent revolution ideas from spreading to Austria and Prussia, which were also under monarchy rule. Rebellious success in France would threaten the system in Austria and Prussia, and lead to upheavals in the two territories.
Issued by Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, and commander of the Allied Army of Austria and Prussia, the Brunswick Manifesto of 1792 was a warning to the French revolutionaries that harm to the royal French family would bring retribution. It was further expected to intimidate the revolutionaries and force them to give up their insurrection. The proclamation backfired, however, and it further fueled the fires of the revolution. The French revolutionary government had previously declared war on Austria and had invaded what is now Belgium; Prussia soon joined with their Austrian neighbors. Revolutionaries believed that French King Louis XVI was a collaborator with the Austria/Prussia alliance, and it angered the French people. The provisional government called for more armed volunteers, and they eventually drove the invading Allied Army from France following their victory at the Battle of Valmy in September 1792.