During the 1830s and 1840s, there were a number of famous utopian communities that were created around the United States. The market revolution that was going on at the time, had upset the structure of society and there were many groups who tried to form utopias that would solve all of the problems that had come along with the changing society. Brook Farm was one of the first of these.
Brook Farm was the most intellectual utopian community. It was created near Boston by a group of transcendentalist intellectuals. The most famous of these was the transcendentalist author Nathaniel Hawthorne. The community was supposed to be a place where people could live fairly simply, according to the precepts of transcendentalism.
Brook Farm is relevant, then, as an example of the utopian communities that sprang up during the 1830s and 1840s.