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In language testing, what is a "broken sentence" item and an addition item? Please explain it to me with examples.

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Broken sentences and addition items are examples of different tasks that could appear on a test.

In language testing, the use of broken sentences is a form of slot-filling exercise that requires that the test taker completes a sentence with a fragment that makes the most sense. This being said, the broken sentence is essentially an incomplete sentence to be completed by the test taker with the correct option.

Often these broken sentences would appear in an exercise such as: 

____________ are examples of invertebrates.

a) snakes  b) lobsters  c) humans   f) dogs.

An addition item is, as the term implies, the task of adding an answer that makes sense. It could be combining sentences, filling in the blanks, or providing a short answer to a question. Also...

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