The Bill of Rights is the term that is used to refer to the first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States. These amendments were all ratified at the same time in 1791. They were proposed because some people were afraid that the federal government would trample on the rights of the people under the new Constitution. To ease these fears, these ten amendments were proposed. These amendments protect some of the most basic rights that we all have as citizens. For example, it is these amendments that protect the freedom of speech and the freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures.