Benjamin Franklin's "Information to Those Who Would Remove to America" was written to correct the misconceptions of Europeans who viewed the nascent United States in a certain light and to encourage a certain class of immigrant to come to the new country.
It is useful to understand the context of when this was written. The Continental Army had recently won a decisive victory over British forces, and it was clear to most Europeans that a new nation was being established. Franklin was sent to France to take part in peace negotiations with Great Britain. A number of wealthy and aristocratic Europeans expressed interest in moving to America where they hoped their wealth and station would afford them with power and a leisurely lifestyle. Franklin penned this response in an effort to dissuade them.
In this piece, Franklin writes that:
The Truth is, that tho' there are in that Country few People so miserable as the Poor of Europe, there are also very few that in Europe would be called rich: it is rather a general happy Mediocrity that prevails. There are few great Proprietors of the Soil, and few Tenants; most People cultivate their own Lands, or follow some Handicraft or Merchandise; very few rich enough to live idly upon their Rents or Incomes; or to pay the high Prices given in Europe, for Paintings, Statues, Architecture and the other Works of Art that are more curious than useful.
In other words, Franklin is making it clear to the aristocracy of Europe that their station would be rendered meaningless in America where the middle-class functions as the backbone of society and the economy. As such, if a person does not have the entrepreneurial spirit to contribute directly to the economy, then they would find no useful or welcome place in the new country. To put it more bluntly, America did not want an upper-class that relied on the labor of peasants to allow them to live a privileged life, as was the case in much of Europe.
In light of this, Franklin asserted that America was establishing a separate course in which someone's social class based on birth did not matter:
Much less is it adviseable for a Person to go thither who has no other Quality to recommend him but his Birth. In Europe it has indeed its Value, but it is a Commodity that cannot be carried to a worse Market than to that of America where People do not enquire concerning a Stranger, What is he? but What can he do?
Franklin makes the point that the young United States does not concern itself with pedigree but rather with what useful service or skill a person has to offer. To this end, Franklin encourages European craftsmen, artisans, and farmers to make the voyage to America where, he says, they would be welcomed for the contributions that they could provide. He tells them that there is land and opportunity available to them in ways that a crowded European continent lacks.
Franklin even contends that the work ethic of the United States will promote good morals in immigrants which will be passed down to their children:
Industry and constant Employment are great Preservatives of the Morals and Virtue of a Nation. Hence bad Examples to Youth are more rare in America, which must be a comfortable Consideration to Parents.