What are the benefits of reorganizing the United States House of Representatives every 2 years?

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A former speaker of the House of Representatives, Tip O'Neill, once said that "All politics is local." What he meant by this was that politics ultimately relates to what's happening at the local level. Even grand geopolitical concerns relating to foreign policy and defense have local implications, whether it's the stationing of army bases and other military installations or the location of factories for the manufacture of defense equipment.

Electing members of the House every two years is a way of reinforcing such localism in American politics. Members of Congress are required to live in the districts they represent, so they already have a close connection to their constituents. Needing to fight an election every two years concentrates their minds on ensuring that their constituents's needs are met.

In broader terms, this biennial reorganization of the House is useful, as it gives some idea of the political mood of the nation. The House was always intended to be the democratic element in the American system of government, and its being elected every two years allows it to be more responsive to public opinion than the presidency (up for election every four years) and the Senate (elected every six years), but staggered so that only a third of the seats are up for election every two years.

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The main benefit of having elections (and therefore possibly reorganizing to some degree) every two years is that it allows the House of Representatives to remain more closely aligned with public opinion. 

When the Framers of the Constitution were working out the new system of government for the United States, they wanted at least part of the government to be very close to the people.  They selected the House of Representatives to fill that role.  The Framers, of course, wanted some degree of democracy in the new system.  To get that democracy, they decided to have the House be elected every two years.  This would mean that the entire House could change relatively quickly if public opinion changed.  The Framers balanced this out with a Senate that would not change so rapidly and would therefore act as something of a brake on popular opinion.

The main advantage of having the House reorganize itself every two years, then, has to do with democracy.  It allows the House to be more clearly controlled by public opinion than it would be if elections were held less often.

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