What are the benefits of community policing?

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The main benefit of community policing is the relationships that are able to develop between the law enforcement officer(s) and the community he or she is serving. A serious problem in many urban communities involves the lack of an informal or cordial relationship between police and civilians. The hostility or suspicions that often accompany policing that relies on motorized patrols by a shifting array of officers too often results in violence. Officers who are alien to the environments in which they are posted, or who are familiar with the environment but lack cordial relationships with members of the community, are officers who are more likely to encounter hostile or suspicious citizens.

Community policing involves the regular deployment of the same officers in specified communities, with those officers expected to engage informally with the community, as a way of building bridges and minimizing antagonisms that can lead to fatal miscalculations. The more officers engage with the...

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