Mahatma Gandhi

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What is the basis of Gandhi's critique of "Western Civilization" in his book Indian Home Rule, and how does he link this critique to an argument in favor of an Indian home rule?

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According to Gandhi, Western civilization is a disease that should be resisted. He believes that this kind of civilization is mostly focused on improving bodily comfort, but it fails even in this aspect. For instance, it has resulted in improved housing structures for humans, improved clothing, and the development of advanced weapons and machines, such as ploughs, printing presses, and so on. However, in working to improve the lives of humans, Western civilization pushed people deeper into materialism and the pleasures money can buy. Gandhi observes that Western civilization “does not care about morality or religion." He then refers to Mahomed’s teachings and equates Western civilization to a “satanic civilization."

Gandhi also defines true civilization as “that mode of conduct which points out to man the path of duty." He posits that home rule should focus on the kind of civilization that does not glorify materialism and instead embraces morality and religion. He acknowledges...

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