On what basis does Feuerbach equate theology to anthropology?

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thanatassa | College Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

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Ludwig Feuerbach’s The Essence of Christianity follows a path to a degree begun by Schleiermacher in understanding religion as a fundamentally human activity, although Feuerbach is far more radical. On a general level, since humans cannot know God (because God is by nature ineffable and incommensurable with human reason), theology is left either with trusting revelation (because God can reveal himself to humans) or becoming anthropology (study of how humans approach or worship God). In the wake of higher criticism, Feuerbach took the second path and argued that our understanding of God is actually an understanding of the projections of our own impulses towards the transcendent, and thus our discussions about God are actually discussions of our own ideals.