What are the basic principles of fascism?

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writer15 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Fascism is a form of government that is characterized by extreme nationalism. It is/was a style of government that began in the early part of the 1900s.  Its roots can be traced back to World War I, a war in which whole country engagement was necessary for the first time due to military advancements that had been made leading up to and during that war.  Due to these advancements, troops being sent off to battle were far from the only casualties that a country could be expected to experience.  Because of the perceived need for entire countries to be mobilized for war, one basic principle of fascism is that the state must have absolute power.  In addition, there is a distinctive authoritarian leader who runs the government and the country.  Furthermore, there is a very clear social order which every member of a country's society must follow.  One of the main components of the social order is that people must refrain from speaking out against the government or sympathizing with those who are not in the government's favor.  Moreover, fascist regimes have an unwavering sense of national pride and the people are often rallied around views which are considered to be 'national' views.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The basic principles of fascism are nationalism and complete state control of the society.

The basic idea of fascism is that there is strength in unity.  When all the people in a society have the same ideas and the same values, the society will be stronger than a society in which there is a diversity of opinions and values.  Therefore, the principle of nationalism is important.  Nationalism serves as a way to bind people together, encouraging them to all pull in one direction.  The state control pushes this trend farther.  The state forces the people (as much as possible) to hold to the same beliefs and values and ways of action.  This is, for example, why the Nazis had both a secret police (to punish those who had "wrong" thoughts) and youth organizations (to instill "right" thoughts in everyone).

Thus, the major principle of fascism is to use nationalism and complete governmental authority to create a solidly united society.

thetall eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Fascism is an authoritarian right wing form of government led by a dictator who has absolute power over the subjects and systems of the state. These principles were originally outlined by Italy’s Benito Mussolini.

Fascism is founded upon several principles. Basically, the government is all-encompassing and citizens within it must fully yield to the ruling body, who is often a dictator who has complete control over the subjects and all systems within the territory.                                                              

Fascism requires that the territory must expand and the implied goal is to rule beyond the state’s boundaries and possibly have power over the whole world.

This form of government does not allow for any form of questioning against policies passed on to the citizens, and forcibly curbs any form of resistance or criticism. Militarism is sometimes used to accomplish this goal.                

shizza123 | Student

Basic beliefs:

*superiority: everyone else is inferior to them.

*using scapegoats (common enemy) to bring a commuty together, so bringing them together on the basis of hatred. 

*usually dictatorship (one sole authoritarian)