There are some other key differences in addition to and more specifically than those listed above.
1) Jews believe that Abraham was the last prophet sent by God, and that The Prophet will come again, but Jesus was not him. They are still waiting for the Second Coming.
2) The Jewish Bible, the Torah, is basically the first five books of the Old Testament. The parts of the Christian Bible after that are not believed in or subscribed to by Jews.
3) Jews celebrate some different religious holidays, for example, they obviously do not celebrate Christmas or Easter, but they do observe the Passover as Christians do.
4) Catholics also believe very strongly in the idea of absolution of sin. That those who confess their sins can be forgiven by God through a Priest on Earth. The Catholic Church is much older, and has a single religious leader, the Pope, while other Christian denominations like Lutherans and Baptists do not. Catholics also believe in sainthood. Catholicism is one sect of Christian religions.