Indian Reorganization Act of 1934

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What negative impacts did the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 have?

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The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 reversed some of the provisions of the Dawes Act of 1887 by allowing the Native Americans to return to tribal government and by allowing the Native Americans to manage their assets. There were some drawbacks to this law. One drawback was that it was implemented very quickly. This prevented the Native Americans from having a voice in writing new tribal constitutions and led to the removal of some tribal governments that were successful by replacing them with less efficient ones. Additionally, the federal government didn’t differentiate between tribe and reservation. There were many tribes living within some reservations, and the federal government viewed the reservation as one political unit covering all the tribes. The federal government didn’t recognize that tribes could be very different from each other in many ways. Also, the Secretary of the Interior had final say on any actions approved by tribal councils, limiting the concept of truly being...

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