What were some bad decisions Grace made that led to her ending up in prison in Alias Grace by Margaret Atwood?

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The story revolves around a young girl who works as a maidservant. She ends up being arrested and charged with the murder of her employer and her colleague.

Grace Marks, the young girl, is jailed for a murder that she cannot clearly remember. Several versions of the incident are told, but the popular version states that Grace loved Mr. Kinnear, the wealthy employer. On the other hand, James McDermott, a stable boy at the Kinnears, loved Grace, and Nancy, Grace’s coworker, loved Mr. Kinnear. Thus, McDermott has a motive to murder Mr. Kinnear, but Grace’s role and Nancy’s death are poorly understood. McDermott is hanged, and Grace is jailed.

Based on the popular account, Grace’s mistake is that she agreed to participate in McDermott’s plot to kill Nancy. As an accomplice, she is forced to run alongside McDermott, and they are arrested together. Thus, the decision to associate with McDermott lands her in jail.

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In the novel Alias Grace by Margaret Atwood, a series of events leads to the conviction of Grace Marks as a murderer. Although not all of these are her own "mistakes" or bad decisions on her part, there are several factors which contribute heavily to her downfall. 

From a young age, Grace grew up in an abusive home. She chooses during the course of the novel to confide this in her doctor, who seems to not care. The mistake she makes here, in the Victorian sensibility, is to try to describe "irrelevant" details to a man much higher in social status than herself.

Another mistake that Grace believes she has made concerns the death of her mother, Mary. After Mary has attempted to have a crude abortion, Grace tries to care for her, but wakes the next morning to find her dead. Grace dwells on the idea that she should have left the window open in order for Mary's soul to escape, and later is proven correct when it seems that Mary has been haunting or possessing her body throughout the novel.

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In 1843, a Canadian housemaid named Grace Marks was convicted, along with James McDermott, for murdering their employer, Thomas Kinnear, and his pregnant lover, Nancy Montgomery.

At the time of the murder, Grace was only sixteen years old. Thomas Kinnear, the murdered gentleman farmer, was fond of his housekeeper, Nancy Montgomery; in fact, both were lovers at the time of their death. James McDermott, the man alleged to have carried out the murders himself, was a stable hand on the Kinnear property. He was rumored to have held romantic feelings towards Grace, but it was never substantiated by Grace herself as to whether the sentiments were fully returned.

It was clear that there was no love lost between both Nancy and Grace. While Nancy was suspicious of Kinnear's predilection for the teenage maid, Grace was resentful of the housekeeper's life of relative ease and luxury despite her position in the household. As McDermott's own jealousy got the better of him, the hapless stable hand supposedly agreed to do away with Nancy in exchange for Grace's romantic fidelity to him.

Accordingly, McDermott struck Nancy in the head with an axe before throwing her down the cellar stairs. As Nancy pleaded for her life, it was rumored that both McDermott and Grace strangled Nancy to death. When Kinnear returned from his trip, McDermott shot him in the heart despite Grace's pleading for Kinnear's life. Both Nancy and McDermott then fled to Toronto with Kinnear's horse and wagon. They also took with them their former employer's gold and silver.

At the hearing, both Grace and McDermott blamed the other for instigating the murders. However, McDermott was hanged and his body later donated to science for dissection; Grace was sentenced to life imprisonment for her role in the murders.

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