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In some ways, Augustus, even more than Julius Caear, can be considered the founder of the imperial mode of government and the transformation of Rome from Republic with extended territories into a genuine empire. First, he established the policy of regular imperial succession based on heredity. Next, he reduced the power of the Senate and increased the power of the equestrian class and the imperial household (particularly the imperial slaves and freedmen) in administration and assigned administration of Egypt with its crucially important grain supply to direct imperial control. Augustus also reformed the army, placed it under imperial control, and made 20 years service in a legion a path to wealth and citizenship, ensuring the loyalty of the army to the Emperor.
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