What assessments are associated with Erikson's Psychoanalytical Ego Psychology theory?

Expert Answers
M.P. Ossa eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Since Ego theory is about personality structure and development, then one must look at Personality Inventories and tests as the top assessments associated with Psychoanalytical theories of the ego such as Erikson's.

One of such assessments is the widely-used Minnesota Multi-Phasic Personality Inventory, or MMPI-2. Tests such as the MMPI present testers with over 500 items to which they respond the way that they feel by answering "true or false", or "cannot say" if applicable. The questions tests six major categories which are:

  • Test-Taking Attitudes
  • Cognition
  • Factor Scales
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Moods
  • Other Problem Areas

Based on the answers given in tests like the MMPI-2, a developmental-based therapist using Erikson's Life Span Approach can identify morbidity factors and their origin.

Another widely-used assessment of personality based on a Life Span Approach (LSA) is the Personality Research Form (PRF). This test is closer to Erikson's LSA because it measures 22 areas which include most of the outcomes of Erikson theory, to include among them:

  • achievement
  • aggression
  • autonomy
  • cognitive structure
  • dominance
  • endurance
  • impulsivity
  • nurturance
  • order

Erikson also believes in Empirical data collection and analysis as means to determine personality structure issues or ego dysfunction under the parameters of life span theory. Emotional intelligence testing, and the Inventory of Psychosocial Balance also measure directly the number of outcomes, or lack of outcomes, achieved by individuals under Eriksonian perspective.

user1754155 | Student

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