What aspects of Myrtle are addressed in this passage from chapter 2 of The Great Gatsby

Her laughter, her gestures, her assertions became more violently affected moment by moment and as she expanded the room grew smaller around her until she seemed to be revolving on a noisy, creaking pivot through the smoky air.

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This passage takes place after Myrtle has changed her dress and—as Nick, the narrator, seems to be suggesting—changed her personality with it. Nick is emphasizing in this section the fact that Myrtle is very changeable. She is happy to change who she is in order to fit in with the circumstances at hand. Where earlier, she had been apparently full of "vitality," Nick observes that she now seems filled with a contradictory "hauteur." She is, as he notes here, "affected," meaning that she is not herself—she is not happy enough with her own personality to allow herself to be led by it. Instead, she is so preoccupied with fitting in with those around her that she changes who she is and becomes the sort of person she thinks they would like.

Myrtle is not a woman who is naturally charismatic or the center of attention, but in this passage Nick notes how the room around her seems to shrink as she behaves in this way. By affecting loud and charismatic behavior, mimicking that of the people around her, Myrtle is able to increase her own confidence and also draw attention to herself. However, this passage illustrates how fickle Myrtle is. She can be a completely different person from one moment to the next, her own personality subsumed underneath her desire to be approved of by others.

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