What were the Articles of Confederation and who wrote them?

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enotechris eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Articles of Confederation, drafted in 1777 and enacted in 1781, served the newly independent colonies for a number of years as the first national government.  Worried that a strong central government would grow excessively powerful and eventually undermine individual states' authority, each state was to be governed by its own constitution, with the national government with few and limited powers.  There was no bicameral legislature; each state sent a number of delegates to a national congress.  There was also no national executive nor judicial power. The Articles denied the national government the power to collect taxes and regulate commerce.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Articles of Confederation were the first constitution of the independent United States of America.  They were adopted by the Continental Congress in 1777.  The person generally believed to be most responsible for writing the Articles was John Dickinson of Delaware.

The Articles lasted until 1781 when they were replaced by what we now know as the Constitution.

Historians agree that the Articles were seriously flawed.  This is because the Articles gave too much power to the state governments and not enough power to the national government.  It was mainly because of this problem that they were replaced.

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