Person-centered therapy consists of a therapist who acts as a sounding board in a conversation with a patient who takes the lead in their own narrative. By allowing the patient to guide the conversation, s/he experiences self-discovery, helping to find the best solution for their individual mindset, mental abilities, and needs.
While there are various benefits to person-centered counseling, some experts argue that the form has limitations for patients experiences particular issues or with specific histories.
In person-centered therapy, the world is seen from the patient's point of view, often discounting the disparity of power, racial, cultural, and socioeconomic differences that can contribute to people's lives. While person-centered counseling attempts to lead people to a solution of how they can take responsibility for their lives and change things, this negates the possibility that an external force, such as an abuser, is ultimately the one responsible for the issues at hand.
Person-centered counseling often allows a patient to grow his or her self-esteem and sets them up for success in challenging their own expectations and results. Some patients with problems attempting things outside of their capabilities may not be served well by this kind of therapy.
Some researchers fear that person-centered therapy allows the patient to hide or ignore evil tendencies in themselves in favor of an optimistic and hopeful view of humanity. The many benefits of person-centered counseling become detriments when supplied to patients with deep psychological problems to solve.