Compare and contrast the Neo Classical Age with the Romantic Age.

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Both time periods seem to be in stark opposition to one another when their values are placed against one another.  Neoclassicists were proponents of the belief that human action can result in objectivity and scientific purity.  This emphasis on rationality helped to drive the belief that human perfectibility in a strictly scientific sense is possible.  In this vein, there was a belief in a conformist and cosmopolitan reality, as both could serve to represent the highest level of human achievement and individual advancement.  By contrast, Romantics were not driven by objective reality, but rather by individual expression.  Cosmopolitan notions of society were replaced by the drive for individual solitude and a natural setting where individuals could fine "the truth" through nature.

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The neoclassical values reason, the intellect, the rational, order, balance.  The term is used somewhat synonymously with the Enlightenment and the Age of Reason.  Neoclassicism recaptures the values of Ancient Greece and Rome.  This is an age of great satire and the age of the essay.  Swift and Pope wrote during this period.

Romanticism is a strong reaction against this.  Romanticism values intuition, the spiritual, emotion, imagination, creativity, spontaneity, self-expression.  Romanticism points back to the Middle Ages, rather than to the classical.  This is the age of lyric poetry.  Woodsworth, Byron, Keats, and Shelley were romantic poets. 

This is, of course, a simplistic breakdown.  These movements or periods are extremely complex.  And I don't know why they valued their parents during these two periods.

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