What are we to make of the theories of good and evil that are propounded throughout?
Candide is a satire and, although its primary target is the optimistic philosophy of Leibniz, all the theories of good and evil propounded in the text are treated satirically except the idea Candide himself expresses in the last line, that we must cultivate our garden. This idea is so pragmatic and practical that it barely counts as a theory at all. It is arguable, however, that behind it lies a very simple theory that it is good to do what little one can to improve one's immediate environment, and that, despite the...
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