What are two literary devices in The Outsiders, and how is each one developed?

Two literary devices in The Outsiders are the metaphorical use of the color gold and the symbol of the church. The use of gold begins when Ponyboy recites Robert Frost's poem "Nothing Gold Can Stay" to Johnny, and it comes full circle when the dying Johnny tells Ponyboy to "stay gold." The church where Ponyboy and Johnny hide symbolizes safety and sacrifice, which culminates when Johnny sacrifices himself to save the children from the fire.

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S. E. Hinton uses numerous literary devices in The Outsiders. The novel has a frame, but this is not apparent until the end, when the reader learns that Ponyboy has written the story as part of a class assignment. The primary device that Hinton employs for this narrative is first-person perspective. By making this consistent throughout the book, the author establishes a clear voice for this character, which contributes to the nuanced characterization.

In addition, the diction that she employs for Ponyboy is consistent with his being an adolescent boy. He uses a number of literary devices of the type that a teenager might use. He uses a simile, a comparison of unlike things using “like” or “as,” to describe his brother Darry, saying that he has “eyes that are like two pieces of pale blue-green ice.”

Ponyboy sometimes combines a simile with an allusion , a reference to a literary work, person, or event. An example is his description of Two-Bit as “grinning like a Chessy cat.” The...

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