Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards

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What are three rhetorical techniques used in the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"? Are there any examples of figurative language as well?

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Jonathan Edwards's sermon delivered at Enfield, Connecticut, in 1741 utilizes many time-honored rhetorical techniques as well as figurative language.

The minister begins his sermon with the use of second person to address the congregation and personalize his serious message. He speaks directly to "every one of you that are out of Christ." His repetition of "you" throughout the sermon emphasizes that anyone who is unconverted is being singled out for God's wrath.

Edwards uses the rhetorical technique of refutation when he says that anyone who thinks that his good health and self-preserving instincts are enough to keep himself in God's good graces is fooling himself. He refutes this consoling thought by asserting "these Things are nothing" and that God can cast him into hell at any time.

Edwards's sermon is heavily dependent on appeals to pathos. The emotions that Edwards works to arouse in his audience are fear, shame, and guilt. His goal is to have each listener examine his conscience and...

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