What are three instances from book 12 of The Odyssey that prove Odysseus is being a hero?

In book 12 of The Odyssey, Odysseus continues to affirm his status as a hero in the Ancient Greek tradition. This section actually opens with one of his most extraordinary achievements, his successful return to Aeaea from the Underworld. After departing Aeaea, Odysseus will safely pass the Sirens, listening to their singing without facing disaster. Finally, at the end of book 12, after the destruction of his ship, he is shown surviving impossible conditions.

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Heroes, in the Ancient Greek context, were defined in terms of their accomplishments, as people who achieved extraordinary deeds well beyond the capabilities of normal human beings. Odysseus, in book 12, achieves feats which more than qualify him as one of the great heroes of Ancient Greece.

Indeed, one of his most extraordinary accomplishments can be found in the very beginning of book 12, continuing from book 11 (when Odysseus traveled to the Underworld), with Odysseus's return to Aeaea. For a mortal man to have traveled to and interacted with the realm of the dead (as he did in book 11) and then to successfully return to the realm of the living is an exceptional achievement, even by heroic standards. From Aeaea, he will proceed to set off on the next leg of his journey.

A second example of Odysseus's heroism can be found with the Sirens, whose singing has an enthralling effect on those who hear it, with lethal results. Before he leaves Aeaea, Circe advises Odysseus to have his crew...

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