George Orwell's dystopian society of 1984 represents an oligarchy which has eliminated the fundamental characteristics of a democratic society. With the powerful machinery of big government, the human spirit is crushed in the eradication of privacy, individuality, and freedom.
1. There is a complete loss of privacy as individuals are watched even in their homes
As the novel opens the main character, Winston Smth, sets his face
into the expression of quiet optimism which it was adviable to wear when facing the telescreen.
Once he enters his apartment, Winston moves into an alcove where, if he sits back, he is able to stay outside the range of telescreen where "Big Brother is watching you" and his activities are make known to authorities. This small space of privacy is where Winston writes in his diary.
2. Certain programs are in place to take away individualism
The program of the "Two Minutes Hate" unites people in a single emotion, crushing their individual feelings, as they all express hatred for Goldstein who is shown on the large screen. So swept away are the people in this unified emotion that their hate turns to others before they leave the assembly.
A hideous ecstasy of fear and vindictiveness, a desire to kill, to torture, to smash faces in with a sledge hammer, seemed to flow through the whole group of people...turning one even against one's will like an electric current, turning one even against one's will into a grimacing, screaming lunatic.
3. Freedom is eradicated by the government spying, through Newspeak, and through the institution of "Thoughtcrime."
Winston Smith hides his diary because it is a crime to express one's personal thoughts. His writing of "DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" and his writing
Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows
is what is Winston's nemesis. After he is caught for being with Julia, Winston's diary is confiscated and O'Brien tortures Winston until he finally breaks and becomes convinced that 2+2=5.