What are three examples of dramatic irony in "The Cask of Amontillado"?

Three examples of dramatic irony in "The Cask of Amontillado" are that the reader learns that Montresor intends to murder Fortunato while Fortunato remains ignorant, that Montresor comments that Fortunato is looking "well," and that there is a double meaning in in Montresor's affirmation that Fortunato "shall not die of a cough."

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"The Cask of Amontillado" is shaped by the dramatic irony that is created out of its very first two paragraphs. Here we learn that Poe's narrator (Montresor) desires vengeance against Fortunato and also that he has kept Fortunato himself ignorant of his malice. That is the main dramatic irony that drives this story, with most of its examples serving as an expression of that tension.

This story's action takes place during the carnival, where both Montresor and Fortunato are established as wine connoisseurs. Montresor runs into his enemy and expresses that he has recently acquired Amontillado (though he confesses that he is unconvinced of its authenticity). Reading this conversation, with the knowledge of Montresor's vengeful intentions, one can get a sense by which Poe's narrator is manipulating Fortunato, using the wine as a lure to entice his enemy into whatever trap he has designed. All the while, Fortunato takes Montresor entirely at his will, not suspecting that he has malicious...

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on November 12, 2019