What are the various stages of Doctor Faustus's damnation in Marlowe's Doctor Faustus?

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Christopher Marlowe’s Elizabethan tragedy, The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus, traces the damnation of the protagonist using a traditional unified plot with a beginning, middle, and end.

Marlowe commences with an exposition, or introduction, finding Faustus in search of absolute knowledge and power. In order to accomplish his goals, he turns to the study of black magic, which begins the rising action of the plot. After being granted a twenty-four year period of magical power, Faustus arrives at the turning point, or crisis, in the play when his pact with the Devil reaches its expiration point and he loses his powers. This loss launches an emotional climax when Faustus regrets his bargain with the Devil and seeks repentance. Marlowe concludes his dramatic tale with the denouement, or resolution, finding the protagonist losing his soul and on his way to hell.

The fall of Faustus begins with his desire to gain all the knowledge of the universe. His fate is foretold in the opening Chorus of the play. He steps over the line when he dabbles in black magic:

Till swoln with cunning, of a self-conceit,
His waxen wings did mount above his reach,
And, melting, heavens conspir'd his overthrow;
For, falling to a devilish exercise

Marlowe introduces the theme of free will when Faustus is approached by the Good Angel and Evil Angel, who explain the options before him. The price he must pay for the knowledge and power he desires is the loss of his soul. He subsequently chooses to bargain with Lucifer through Mephistophiles who offers the proposal by stating, “Faustus, I swear by hell and Lucifer/To effect all promises between us made!” Faustus agrees and replies, “Ay, take it, and the devil give thee good on't!”

The action rises when the protagonist becomes remorseful and starts to have second thoughts about his pact with the Devil. The Good Angel and Evil Angel once again approach him. The good one tells him, “Faustus, repent; yet God will pity thee.” The evil one retorts, “Thou art a spirit; God cannot pity thee.”

Lucifer insists on adherence to the bargain. He introduces Faustus to the seven deadly sins personified who assure him that “in hell is all manner of delight.” Faustus once again agrees to keep his bargain and gain the power and glory he desires so deeply.

As the plot reaches its climax, Faustus conjures up a spirit in the likeness of Helen of Troy and all her beauty. He believes her earthly pleasures will help him to forget about repenting for his sins and reject God:

Was this the face that launch'd a thousand ships,
And burnt the topless towers of Ilium—
Sweet Helen, make me immortal with a kiss.—

Marlowe uses Helen of Troy to symbolize sensual pleasure. Faustus, believing he will achieve immortality in lieu of damnation if he embraces her, reaffirms his deal with Lucifer. However, she is not the real Helen, but only a spirit. Faustus has been deceived. As the action in the drama falls, the protagonist realizes all is lost. His magical powers are about to expire and he is doomed to his fate:

Ah, Faustus,
Now hast thou but one bare hour to live,
And then thou must be damn'd perpetually!

Faustus makes a final attempt to beg forgiveness, but it is futile. As the demons approach to escort him to hell, he says,

My God, my god, look not so fierce on me!
Adders and serpents, let me breathe a while!
Ugly hell, gape not! come not, Lucifer!

The resolution of the play is set in stone. He has lost his soul.

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This is a large question for a limited format. I can give an overview of the first and last stages of Faustus's damnation. The first stage began when Faustus was "swoln with cunning, of a self-conceit" after having mastered all studies and sciences of his era. Undoubtedly, Faustus had a great and extraordinary mind used, again undoubtedly, for the wrong aims. Being "glutted now with learning's golden gifts," Faustus, based upon a real Doctor Johann Faust (1488), turned his considerable mental powers to magic, sorcery, "necromancy":

CHORUS: He surfeits [overindulges] upon cursed necromancy;
Nothing so sweet as magic is to him,
Which he prefers

Faustus's reason for this gorging on magic is that he desires things beyond the scope of humanity. He desires power over all things of earth;he desires deity (to be a god), which is ironic because (1) desiring to be like God is what caused Lucifer to be cast out of heaven to start with and (2) compared to the pantheon of gods, Faustus would be insignificant as a god. This was the beginning stage of his damnation.

FAUSTUS: All things that move between the quiet poles
Shall be at my command: ...
[...]
A sound magician is a mighty god:
Here, Faustus, tire thy brains to gain a deity.

The final stage of Faustus's damnation is a painful one. The Old Man comes to Faustus to try to lead him back to God through repentance. Faustus agrees with him and desires to seek repentance:

FAUSTUS: Accursed Faustus, where is mercy now?
I do repent; and yet I do despair:
Hell strives with grace for conquest in my breast:
What shall I do to shun the snares of death?

But--Mephistophilis appears, having heard the whole conversation, terrifies Faustus and threatens him grievous pain, thus Faustus recants his desire to be guided to repentance by the Old Man:

MEPHIST: Thou traitor, Faustus, I arrest thy soul
For disobedience to my sovereign lord:
Revolt, or I'll in piece-meal tear thy flesh.

FAUSTUS:Sweet Mephistophilis, entreat thy lord
To pardon my unjust presumption,
And with my blood again I will confirm
My former vow I made to Lucifer.

Thus begins the final stage of Faustus's damnation. He is later to confess to the Scholars what he has done and that he is in his last hour of life. They plead to pray with him yet, in concern for their safety, Faustus regretfully sends them away. Though Faustus sees sings outside in the sky that repentance might yet be his, he talks about it without knowing how to accept it. At the clock's stroke of midnight, the Devils come to remove Faustus to Hell. The Chorus concludes the tragic drama by warning to stay away from practicing magic, one of the "unlawful" things;

CHORUS: Cut is the branch that might have grown full straight,
[...]
Faustus is gone:  regard his hellish fall,
Whose fiendful fortune may exhort the wise,
Only to wonder at unlawful things,
Whose deepness doth entice such forward wits ....

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