Ancient Egyptian culture was very much defined by a fascination with life and death. The Egyptians believed that there was life after death, which is why Egyptian culture is very often linked not only to death but, even more prominently, to the afterlife. Mummification is a clear example of this particular characteristic of Egyptian culture, as the ancient Egyptians believed that they needed to preserve the physical body in order to enable the deceased to lead a life after death.
In addition to that, ancient Egyptian culture was also heavily influenced by religion. Egyptian religion was polytheistic, which means they believed in several gods, and each god was responsible for certain aspects of life. Among many others, there was, for example, the sun god, Ra, and the god of the underworld, Osiris. Osiris was married to Isis, who was the mother goddess and therefore the goddess of life. The ancient Egyptians' belief in several gods even included their leaders, the pharaohs: Egyptians believed that the pharaohs were also divine. As a result, pharaohs were worshipped as god-like in ancient Egypt, which can be seen in many ancient Egyptian pieces of art, such as murals.
In order to worship these gods, the Egyptians built temples and places of worship, such as the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae, a prime example of the religious influence on Egyptian culture. Statues and other pieces of art were created to celebrate and worship these uniquely Egyptian gods and goddesses.
Another very specific feature of Egyptian culture was the very early development and advancement of scientific knowledge, which had a big impact on life in ancient Egypt. For example, papyrus, which was made from the pith of the papyrus plant, was a significant development originating from ancient Egypt. Papyrus enabled the ancient Egyptians to write on material similar to the paper of today, which was much lighter and easier than the materials used for writing before the advent of papyrus.
Furthermore, Egyptians made substantial advances in other scientific areas, such as astronomy, which again impacted on the unique culture of Egypt. The pyramids at Giza are the best example of this aspect of Egyptian culture, as the creators of the pyramids used their knowledge of astronomy to align the pyramids due north, which was a great achievement at the time.