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What are the top qualities of maleness and femaleness?

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While humans are divided biologically into males and females, femininity and masculinity also have many socially constructed elements as well. On a biological level, women have two X chromosomes and men an X and a Y chromosome. Women can bear children and produce eggs during their reproductive years which when...

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While humans are divided biologically into males and females, femininity and masculinity also have many socially constructed elements as well. On a biological level, women have two X chromosomes and men an X and a Y chromosome. Women can bear children and produce eggs during their reproductive years which when fertilized grow into offspring, while men produce sperm that can fertilize eggs. Men and women have differently configured reproductive organs and hormonal differences, with men producing more testosterone and women more estrogen. Men tend to be larger and stronger than women, but women live longer.

Different societies construct masculinity and femininity differently. In many cases, women are associated with childbearing and child rearing, and the associated qualities of nurturing. In some societies, women are seen as more emotional than men while in other societies the ability to feel strong emotions is considered masculine. Some societies associate masculinity with rational intelligence, while in others women are considered repositories of wisdom. Some societies view inability to control sexual desire and behavior as essentially a masculine issue and see women as inherently chaste, while in other societies, women are viewed as unable to resist their sexual desires.

Especially with the advent of widely available birth control and the transition of economic activity from physical labor to intellectual work, many societies no longer strongly differentiate gender roles, and some individuals identify as non-binary.

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