The Roosevelt Administration's and Congress's response to the Great Depression was not without controversy. The New Deal succeeded in a number of ways, but that success was limited.
A major goal of the New Deal was to prevent future financial disasters. While there have been several recessions in the last century, the country has never faced a depression like the one of the 1930s. This is largely thanks to New Deal reforms which are still in place. This includes the FDIC, Social Security, and FCIC. A number of banking and stock market reforms were passed to prevent the risky practices that caused the Depression in the first place. Some even blame the recession of 2008 on the 1999 repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933. In the short-run, the New Deal succeeded in proving jobs for the millions of newly unemployed. The CCC, TVA, CWA, and other work programs provided wages for many Americans who would otherwise have been without work. This, in turn, pumped more money back into the floundering economy. Welfare programs were also instituted to provide immediate relief to some of the most vulnerable Americans.
Despite all this, the New Deal can be seen as a failure in many ways. For one thing, it did not end the Great Depression. In fact, unemployment rates were about 15 percent at the end of the Great Depression. It would take wartime spending in the 1940s bring the country out of the Great Depression. Furthermore, not all relief reached every American. For instance, the Agricultural Adjustment Act helped landowning farmers, but it did nothing for the many sharecroppers and tenant farmers, who were primarily African American. Parts of the New Deal were even struck down in the courts. For instance, Schecter Poultry Corp v US resulted in the invalidation of the National Industrial Recovery Act because it was found unconstitutional.