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What are the strengths and weaknesses of the person-centered model?

Strengths of the person-centered model include that there is a common focus and mutual respect, and weaknesses include that the client must be able to establish goals that are specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and timely.

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The person-centered approach, developed in the 1950s and proposed by psychologist Carl Rogers, is a model used in psychotherapy, the medical field, and even in business plans, that consists of serving the client at every level of need, and basing the service provided entirely on who the client is.  To be able to provide a person-centered approach, there must be a strong relationship between client and provider, one where there is open communication, mutual trust, and ongoing interaction. 

The strengths of the model lay in the solid nature of the client-provider relationship. There is mutual respect, good conversations take place, and there is a common focus, which is to help get the client where they want to be. Again this can be either in a therapeutic setting, or in a...

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Carol Rogers developed person-centered therapy in the 1940s.  Also known as Rogerian therapy, this innovative and influential approach moved the focus of therapy from therapist-led to client-centered.  Rogers believed that all people strive toward self-actualization (or balance), in their lives and have the capacity to achieve it.  Instead of the therapist leading the way in therapy, it is the client who determines the course of therapy, with the therapist acting as a kind of guide along the way.  The strengths of person-centered therapy are clear.  It allows for a warm, caring environment for the therapeutic encounter (as the therapist assumes an empathetic, reflective and positive manner).  It also gives the patient a feeling of greater control and the reflective nature of therapy assists the client in gaining self-awareness.  The downsides are that person-centered therapy assumes the ability of the client to make positive assumptions and choices.  As it is also client-led, it also does not adhere to a particular technique in practice.  Overall, person-centered therapy can be a highly effective method, but may prove problematic with clients who have deeper psychological issues that inhibit their ability to deal with reality in a rational manner.

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The person-centered model is a counseling theory largely influenced by Carl Rogers. It is a non-directive, humanistic approach to counseling that focuses on and encourages individual change by using three main components: Congruence (being genuine and authentic in the moment), unconditional positive regard (being non-judgmental so that the client feels comfortable expressing himself or herself), and empathy (demonstrating an understanding of the client's emotions). 

Strengths of the person-centered model (also known as person-centered counseling) include (1) research has shown that the client-counselor relationship is one of the most important aspects of outcome success, (2) this model is non-judgmental and optimistic, and (3) clients feel empowered as individuals.

Weaknesses of the person-centered model include (1) the model has a limited number of applicable techniques, (2) this approach may not be appropriate for individuals who are not motivated to change, and (3) the model may not be as effective as other theories when working with clients who have significant psychopathology.