What are the similarities between the state government and federal government?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

As other answers have indicated, most state governments have been established on the same model as the federal government, with power balanced between the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches. As in the federal system, elections determine who occupies the legislature and who is governor, the chief executive at the state level. Elected representatives pass laws and levy taxes, as in the federal system, and they are expected to be responsive to the needs of the electorate. Overall, the United States is a bottom-up system, in which the people elect those who will represent them in government rather than having such leaders imposed on them from above, as in aristocratic and monarchial systems.

Up until the New Deal of the 1930s, state governments were expected to deal by themselves with the social welfare issues of their populations, such as economic relief in times of crisis or in handling care for the poor. The states still participate in this, but since the 1930s, when it was...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 874 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial
Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on