There are similarities between the state government and the federal government. One of the similarities is in the structure of government at each level. Both the state government and the federal government have three branches. The legislative branch makes the laws. The executive branch carries out the laws. The judicial branch interprets the laws. There is a separation of powers that I mentioned above as well as a system of checks and balances at each level. For example, the executive branch can veto laws. The veto can be overridden by the legislative branch.
Another similarity is that both governments share certain powers. For example, both the state governments and the federal government can levy taxes, borrow money, build roads, and establish courts. For example, we pay state and federal taxes. Also, the interstate highway system is our federal highway system while the state governments establish state highways.
Both the state government and the federal government take actions that affect our lives. For example, at the state level, the state determines how many school days there will be, and how schools will be funded. The state determines what the state sales tax will be. At the federal level, the government has created programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and Head Start to help people. The federal government has drafted soldiers who have fought in wars. There is a federal health insurance law that provides access to healthcare for the American people.
Both the state governments and the federal government play a significant role in our lives. Today, how big a role government should play is a heavily discussed topic at both the state and federal levels.