- DNA is double-stranded, RNA is single-stranded.
- DNA contains a pentose sugar Deoxyribose, RNA contains the pentose sugar Ribose. A pentose is a 5-carbon sugar molecule.
- DNA is limited to the nucleus, RNA is made in the nucleus, but can travel outside of it.
- DNA has a nitrogenous base called Thymine, but RNA doesn't. Instead, RNA has Uracil. In DNA thymine pairs with adenine, but in RNA uracil pairs with adenine.
- There is only one type of DNA but 3 kinds of RNA (messenger, transfer and ribosomal RNA)
- DNA and RNA are made up of monomers called nucleotides.
- DNA and RNA both contain pentose sugars.
- DNA and RNA both have 3 nitrogenous bases: Adenine, Cytosine and Guanine.
- DNA and RNA both have a phosphate groups in their nucleotides. Sometimes called phosphoric acid.
- They both have the base pair of Guanine and Cytosine.
- They are both necessary for the cell to produce proteins.
- DNA makes mRNA which then is translated into protein.