As an Educator has already noted, “literature” is an expansive field. The relationship between natural objects and cultural objects is likely to vary depending on the work of literature that you’re inspecting.
With that being said, it’s not impossible to draw some tentative conclusions about the relationship between the two. Let’s look at Kate Chopin’s novel The Awakening. As you might know, The Awakening centers on a married woman named Edna and her growing need for freedom and independence.
You could argue that Chopin highlights Edna’s need for liberty with her determination to learn how to swim. Edna practices swimming by herself in what appears to be a sea. You could claim a sea is a natural object.
You might also argue that Chopin highlights Edna’s blooming independence with a hammock. In chapter 11, Edna lies on a hammock outside. Her husband asks her to come inside. Edna, showcasing her autonomy, turns down his request and stays outside on the hammock. You could argue...
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