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What are the similarities and differences between the terms "colonialism" and "imperialism?"

The main similarity between the terms "colonialism" and "imperialism" is that they both describe exploitative relationships between those nations and/or people with power and those without. Colonialists and imperialists alike dominate those of distant lands, people they regard as racially or culturally inferior. The biggest difference between the two is that imperialism doesn't necessarily involve the process of colonization. For instance, the British didn't colonize India, the most important part of their empire.

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We can define colonialism as another, more powerful country settling in among the people of another country and expanding its influence until they have become the country's dominant force. Often colonization happens very gradually. Rarely, from the outside at least, does it look forced. For example, when the British first set up trading posts in India, their goal was not to colonize the country. They merely wanted to exploit India's resources and expand their influence in the subcontinent. Soon, however, they needed a cheap labor force to exploit the country's riches and an army to protect their interests. India wasn't officially ruled by the British crown until 1858almost 250 years after East India set their first trading post there.

We can define imperialism as another more powerful country exerting economic but ideological dominance over another without actually settling there or governing it at least, they don't officially govern it. They usually need to help that country set...

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clarix2011 | Student

Colonialism: A “policy” by which a country decides to “take, steal, etc.” things from another country or region of the world for the purpose of benefiting the country who created the policy. 

Imperialism: The “carrying out” of the “colonial policy” of extending a nation's authority by “territorial acquisition” or by the establishment of economic and political “domination” over other nations.

rubinakk | Student

Colonialism and imperialism means political and economic domination of one country to another. Simply colonialism as practice and imperialism is the idea driving the practice.

Colonialism is the implanting of settlements on a distant territory. Colonialism is where one nation assumes control over the other and imperialism is economic and political control,either formally or informally. Colonialism means a country conquers and rules over the region while imperialism means creating an empire and expanding into the neighbouring regions.

In Colonialism, one can see great movement of people to the new territory and living as permanent settlers. Imperialism is just exercising power over the conquered regions either through sovereignty or indirect mechanisms of control.