What are the Romantic elements and themes in the poem "My Brother" by Mikha'il Na'ima?

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"My Brother" by Mikha'il Na'ima contains Romantic elements related to individuality, spirituality, and pastoral life. First, the poem endorses individuality by suggesting that the listener not join in with the crowd, particularly the "crowd" made up of Western man. Na'ima writes, "if on the heels of war Western man celebrates...

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"My Brother" by Mikha'il Na'ima contains Romantic elements related to individuality, spirituality, and pastoral life. First, the poem endorses individuality by suggesting that the listener not join in with the crowd, particularly the "crowd" made up of Western man. Na'ima writes, "if on the heels of war Western man celebrates his deeds ... / Do not yourself sing for the victors nor rejoice over those trampled by victorious wheels." Romantic literature supports individuality, or doing the thing you believe is right regardless of what society says. In these lines, Western society celebrates, but the speaker calls for the solemn response of kneeling.

Spirituality exists throughout the poem in its meditative tone. The focus is on feelings. The speaker emphasizes feelings in suggestions to the listener like "Do not hope" and "Do not lament."

Finally, pastoral life is superior in this poem to industrialization and technology. The industrial images of the poem include cannons, monuments, and wheels that trample. The speaker grieves that "the foes have left no seedling except scattered corpses." In the poem, seedlings and natural growth are desirable things, while more modern technologies are the agents of destruction.

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