What are the qualifications for becoming a judge in California?
A. Must have passed the state bar.
Yes. One cannot be considered for a judicial position or practice law in California without passing the State Bar examinations. (Source: The California State Bar).
B. Must have a law degree or law enforcement background.
Not necessarily. California is one of the few states where one may choose not to go to law school to become a judge or attorney. Judicial apprenticeships are allowed in California.
Graduate from a State Bar-accredited or American Bar Association-approved law school, complete four years of study at an unaccredited or correspondence law school, spend four years studying law in a law office/judge’s chambers program, or complete a study program that combines these various methods. (Source: How to practice law in California).
Also, read States That Allow Bar Examinations Without A Law Degree.
C. Must been an attorney who has practiced law for 10 years in California.
Yes. A lawyer interested in applying for a judicial position must be a law practitioner/lawyer in good standing with the California State bar for ten years or have served as a judge in a court of record in California for 10 years. (Source: Judicial Appointments in California).
D. Must be at least 50 in age and have lived in California for a minimum of 10 years.
E. Other than being selected by the governor, there are no set qualifications.
No. Supreme Court justices of the California Supreme Court and appellate judges are chosen in an identical manner: by gubernatorial appointment followed with the Commission on Judicial Nominee Evaluation's confirmation.
Trial judges are elected by popular vote. All will still have to pass the State Bar examinations.
Source: Judicial Selection In California.