What are the most significant differences between total quality management (TQM) and lean management? Provide reference. 

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The most significant differences between lean, or lean production (LP), and total quality management (TQM) relate to subtraction and addition. The purpose of lean is to simplify and pare down production so that only the essential elements remain.

Lean revolves around efficiency and speed. As the name implies, lean seeks...

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The most significant differences between lean, or lean production (LP), and total quality management (TQM) relate to subtraction and addition. The purpose of lean is to simplify and pare down production so that only the essential elements remain.

Lean revolves around efficiency and speed. As the name implies, lean seeks to make the production process as quick and direct as possible. For example, if a cell phone company's data tells them that they can produce x amount of cellphones in x amount of time if they remove a particular step, they will discard that step in the name of LP.

Meanwhile, TQM, as the name implies, takes on a more holistic approach. TQM isn't concerned with trimming and cutting the production process but with ensuring that the people involved in the process are handled properly and have the right amount of training. In a sense, TQM is an addition. It adds something since it is, ideally, giving employees greater skills. At the same time, TQM relates to LP since well-trained employees can result in a swifter production process, which, again, is the key goal of LP.

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